The Watershed Hydrology Lab is situated within the Department of Geology at Kent State University. Dr. Jefferson is also affiliated with the Center for Ecology and Natural Resource Sustainability at KSU. Currently funded projects focus on storm water management and green infrastructure, stream restoration, and stable water isotopes.
On-going Research Projects
Assessing green infrastructure’s impacts on hydrology and water quality at the installation to watershed scale
With funding from Cleveland Metroparks and Kent State University, I am recruiting a graduate student and post-doc to explore the efficacy of different types of green infrastructure on mitigating stormwater flows and improving water quality in northeast Ohio urban watersheds. The graduate student will be comparing five green infrastructure installations at the Cleveland Metroparks Watershed Stewardship Center, in collaboration with Lauren Kinsman-Costello and Reid Coffman. The post-doctoral scholar will use the surrounding West Creek watershed as a test bed for modeling the effectiveness of green infrastructure at the watershed scale under present and future climates.
Characterizing stream restoration’s water quality improvement potential through hyporheic exchange enhancement
With funding from the Ohio Water Resources Center, graduate student Stuart Baker is examining how hyporheic exchange, nutrient uptake, and microbial biomass respond to common stream restoration practices. The goal of our research is to determine the effectiveness of restoration in enhancing hyporheic flow and associated biogeochemical processes to improve water quality. We will be measuring physiochemical and biological parameters in three streams, one restored each summer 2012-2014.
Groundwater-stream interactions in former reservoirs
Graduate student Krista Booth is examining the hydrogeology, sedimentology, and water quality in two streams where low-head dams were removed several years ago. Reservoirs deposits now exposed by dam removal are a novel hydrologic environment that can create wetlands and riparian groundwater exchanges with potential water quality effects, but we have limited understanding of how these environments behave. Krista’s work will shed light on groundwater dynamics and controls in such systems.
Assessing the Effects of Green Infrastructure on Runoff and Metals Concentrations in Stormwater Runoff
In conjunction with Cleveland Metroparks, graduate student Kimm Jarden is assessing the effects of street-scale green infrastructure retrofits on stormwater runoff hydrology and pollutant loads. Bioswales capturing street runoff and rain gardens and rain barrels collecting roof runoff have been installed on two residential streets in the City of Parma’s West Creek watershed. Using a paired watershed approach, we’re examining the efficacy of this retrofit in reducing peak flows and total stormflow volumes and will be sampling for metals in summer 2014.
Influence of stormwater management structures on ecological function in urban
Funded by NSF’s Environmental Engineering program from 2011-2014, this project is in collaboration with Sara McMillan, Sandra Clinton, and Christina (Naomi) Tague. We are using a combination of monitoring and modeling to understand the cumulative, downstream effects of stormwater control structures on urban stream hydrology, biogeochemistry, and ecology. Among the questions I am seeking to answer with this project are: “How does the spatial pattern of land development and stormwater control within a watershed affect the hydrology and nutrient export in urban streams?” “Is there a critical threshold for the percent of watershed area treated by stormwater structures in order to produce meaningful hydrological and ecological benefits of stormwater management?” and “How do different types of stormwater control measures affect temperature surges in urban streams?”. Some of the preliminary results of the project were presented at the Geological Society of America conference in November 2012. Stay tuned for more great stuff coming out of our work.
Bridging the Conceptual Divide Between Theoretical and Applied Environmental Chemistry
Project website: https://sites.google.com/a/kent.edu/d-edgeo/
This project, funded by NSF’s DUE TUES, began in September 2012 and will run until 2015. PIs on the project are Anne Jefferson, Liz Griffith, Joe Ortiz, and David Dees. We will be developing curriculum that uses water isotope data for several upper level Earth Science classes. We will be developing curriculum that enables students will run the Picarro Water Isotope Analyzer (in my lab) and analyze their own data in an effort to improve student understanding of course material. We will also be exploring ways to transfer our curricular activities to institutions that do not have isotope analytical capabilities. If you are a student at Kent State, you can become involved in the project by taking one of the classes in which we will use the new curriculum. If you are a faculty member at another university and would like to test our materials (either with your own isotope analyzer or without), please contact us.
Recently Completed Projects
Evaluating Restoration Success in the Watershed Context
Funded by the NC Water Resources Research Institute, Sandra Clinton, Craig Allan, and I investigated how stream restoration alters patterns of transient storage in forested and urban streams. Our goal is to separately quantify surface transient storage (e.g., pools) and hyporheic exchange and understand how the two types of storage lead to ecological and water quality differences between streams. Mackenzie Osypian was the graduate student on the project, and she earned her M.S. degree in Civil Engineering at UNC Charlotte in spring 2013. In December 2013, Anne gave a talk on the project at AGU, and there is a manuscript in revision.